review of related literature about cogon grass

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review of related literature about cogon grass

2003. This review paper presents an overview of the types of grass species, their composition and cultivation practices, fermentation process used for bioethanol production and genetic tools used for improvement in bioethanol production from grass biomass on a sustainable basis. The said product can be used against pests, namely, cockroaches and wood ants. Statement of the Problem General Problem: What is the potential of Cogon Grass to be an effective pesticide? The pulp was then subjected to five different treatments before it was made into a card board like material. The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. The maximum saccharification yield of 36.68mg/mL (71.29% reducing sugar) was obtained using 25FPU/g-cellulose cellulase complex … halfa grass and cogon grass both are widely used in various religious sacrifices and rituals in India. View The Feasibility of Cogon Grass.docx from MAED SCIENCE 20 at St. Mary's College of Tagum - Tagum City, Davao. The dose of cogon grass was found to slightly affect the sorption capacity. Weed Technology, 7:1005-1009. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE The following literature has direct bearing to the current study. Plant Ecol. The amount of resin or soda ash and other additives was kept constant while the amount of starch was varied in every treatment. 167:237-245. Cogon grass was treated to come up with a product which can be used as a pesticide. Paper. Here we evaluated the peer-reviewed literature on causes and impacts of invasion by cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica), one of the most problematic invasive plant species in the southeast US. The present article contributes to the literature by documenting the economic costs of cogongrass on the forestry sector in Florida. A. A coffee table book of the anthropological type captures the traditions and cultures of indigenous peoples in the mountains and coastal areas that are almost forgotten by time and civilization. Introduction. The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. This federally regulated noxious weed grows rapidly, reducing forest productivity, harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and encroaching on pastures and hayfields. E. Review of related Literature 7 Results and Discussion 8 Conclusion 13 Recommendation 13 Bibliography 13 Acknowledgement 14 Abstract The study was done with the aim of producing a pesticide from cogon grass. It has been mentioned in Rigveda and Atharvaveda (Madhihassan, 1987). 35:12-25. The … Results obtained indicate that the holocellulose (64.93%) content is comparable with other published non-woods and the lignin (5.67%) content is favourably the lowest. The cogon grass was cut in a 1-inch length, boiled for about 2 hours, stirred every 30 minutes, and crushed/rinsed in order to get the pulp. Materials cited in this related literature are the traditional and globally used materials with their properties in which the researcher wishes to compare with. 1). "In addition to competing for light, water, and nutrients, cogongrass BUILDING INSULATION MATERIALS Insulation materials are thermal insulations used in the construction or retrofit of buildings. The holocellulose, cellulose, lignin, 1% NaOH solubility, hot water solubility and ash contents were quantified to analyse its chemical characteristics. Trop. Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata cylindrica) as Cardboard Food Packaging A b. Review of Related Literature This chapter deals with the related projects and literatures related to the study. the nine species of cogon grass include: I. conferta; I. cylindrica; I. contracta; I. brevifolia; I. brasiliensis; I. tenius; I. cheesemanii; I ... Let us have a review on literature pertaining the halfa grass, Desmostachya bipinnata (L.) and cogon grass, Imperata cylindrical (L.). Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) The pulp was then subjected to five different treatments before it was made into a cardboard-like material. 1989. Review of literature on Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel with particular reference to South East Asia. Bryson CT, Carter R, 1993. The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. 3 UNFCCC CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPACTS, VULNERABILITIES AND ADAPTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to visualize the surface morphology of the cogon grass fibre. literature review on luffa cylindrica Thus in this investigation, an environmentally safe method to synthesized silver nanoparticles using local plant extract was successfully established. 2. In this study, it refers to the capability of cogon grass to be used as a material for paper making. The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. Specific Problem 1: On what kind of pest will the product be effective? Cralle. INTRODUCTION 5 II. Brook (1989) Review of literature on Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel with particular reference to South East Asia. cogon grass Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae ... Brook RM, 1989. Review of literature on Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel with particular reference to South East Asia. We assess what is known about why cogongrass is particularly invasive and how it affects native communities and ecosystems, review patterns in research methods employed, and provide a roadmap … The amount of resin and other additives were kept constant while the amount of starch was varied in every treatment. CHAPTER 1. Cogongrass Biology. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica, in the United States. Given that the optimal strategy for prevention, eradication, or control necessarily depends on the social costs of invasions ( Olson 2006 ), this study offers policymakers and land managers the necessary information to justify future management programs. Cogon grass, at 10% w/v substrate loading, has optimum pretreatment conditions of 126°C, 0.6% v/v H2SO4, and 20min reaction time. Cogon grass, Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv., has been ranked as one of the ten worst weeds of the world (Holm et al., 1977) (Fig. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is one of the greatest invasive plant threats in Alabama and in the southeastern United States.Although it has been here for more than a century, the problem has dramatically increased in the last 20 years. ... Gregory MacDonald, Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica)—A Comprehensive Review of an Invasive Grass, Invasive Plants and Forest Ecosystems, 10.1201/9781420043389, (267-294 ), (2008). Phosphorus addition reduces invasion of longleaf pine savanna (Southeastern USA) by an non-indigenous grass (Imperata cylindrica). Cogongrass is an invasive exotic grass found on public and private property, along roadways, in forests, and on farmland. IV- Results and Discussions. This chapter includes the comparison of the previous studies to this project. In this study, cogon grass was made as a material in paper making. Tropical Pest Management 35: 12-25. Crossref. THE ISLANDS of Panay and Guimaras in Western Visayas are storied places and the natives know this. These pretreatment conditions were used to optimize enzymatic saccharification using different enzyme combinations. In this study, the genotoxicity of the aqueous and hydro-methanol extract of these plants was evaluated using mouse bone marrow micronucleus and sperm morphology assays. E. Review of related Literature 7 Results ... Cogon grass was the subject of the study because of its potential as a source of pesticide. Because of cogongrass' impact on agriculture and forest industries, Congress has given Brook, R.M. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica). Bryson CT, Sudbrink DL, 2000. Cogon grass is called by the Japanese as bloodgrass and is considered a noxious weed that’s a more invasive species than kudzu in the southeastern United States. CLIMATE CHANGE AND ADAPTATION 8 2.1 The need for adaptation 8 2.2 Adaptation and the UNFCCC 10 III. The two words put together is “flaming cogon grass”. In Kadagatan Tubtub Kabukidan (From the Seas to […] Review of literature on Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel with particular reference to South East Asia . The pulp was then subjected to five different treatments before it was made into a cardboard-like material. BIBLIOGRAPHY . V- Conclusion and Recommendation. Tropical Pest Management, 35(1):12-25 . Weed Technology 7: 1005-1009. Background of the Study. There is major problem with large scale production of any natural products. II- Review of Related Literature. The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. Treatment A served as the control and contained 12% water and 7.5% starch. III- Mythodology. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica), a potential biomass candidate for bioethanol: cell wall structural changes enhancing hydrolysis in a mild alkali pretreatment regime Md Azizul Haque Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 Program), Gyeongsang National University, Chinju 660‐701, Republic of Korea 18 CHAPTER 2 S PECTRAL DETECTION OF AN INVASIVE GRASS SPECIES (COGONGRASS) AND ITS EFFECT ON HERBACEOUS VEGETATION CHARACTERISTICS IN AN EXPERIMENTAL SETTING Introduction Cogongrass ( Imperata cylindrica ) is a rhizomatous, perennial grass native to tropical and subtropical areas of Asia (Bryson & Carter, 1993) Cogongrass was initially planted in the southeastern … 1. Pest Manage. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). Cardboard food containers made from cogon grass and water hyacinth is the organic substitute for the already existing paper, Styrofoam, and plastic food containers that were being used by fast food chains and restaurants; containers that are 100% biodegradable, eco-friendly and would lessen a lot of environmental concerns that the world is facing today. Specific Problem 2: How long is the shelf-life of the product? The current knowledge and future prospect for industrial bioethanol production from grass biomass along with its … Used as a pesticide pastures and hayfields 19.64 % ) respectively be?! Knowledge and future prospect for industrial bioethanol production from grass biomass along with its noxious weed grows rapidly reducing! Potential of cogon grass was cut, boiled, and on farmland the Problem Problem. 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