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It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Vernacular names . yellowwood Fabaceae Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. K. Koch; International Common Names. Damage to the young twigs of Cladrastis kentukea reveals yellow wood. The Plant List includes 28 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Cladrastis.Of these 8 are accepted species names. Statistics. For other plants with a similar common name, see, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cladrastis_kentukea&oldid=978038782, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Stamens: Ten, free; filaments thread-like. Identification; Bark; Take the Walk; About; Help; You are here. Showy fragrant white flowers will form in the spring forming drooping clusters or pea-like structures. Flowers small, fragrant, white, in pendulous clusters; pods (legume) turn brown in fall. campus: south of the CH2M-Hill Alumni Center. Photo by, Chhe [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons The only quality that is mentioned is a tendency of the trunk to divide very near the ground, as a multi-trunked tree.[2]. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. More About Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) leaf color is bright green, … Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. gr., 0.6278; weight of cu. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. It's an excellent small shade tree for smaller properties, as a single specimen or in groupings. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Yellowwood is a native tree with an open graceful spreading crown with three seasons of interest. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Cladrastis lutea ( syn. Seeds four to six, dark brown. Yellowwood also has a beautiful framework of branches that provides winter interest, but the tree’s multiple trunk habit makes it prone … The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Tom Dorman State Nature Preserve-Wikipedia. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. County documented: documented to exist in the county by evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). 1971 "kentuckea" USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Cours.) FEATURES Form-medium to large ornamental/shade, deciduous tree-maturing at 40-50' tall … Although it flowers best in full sun, yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas. Family: Fabaceae. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Cladrastis kentukea is widely grown as an ornamental tree for its attractive flowers, and is locally naturalized in many areas of the eastern United States outside of its restricted native range. Lifespan. Specifications. Habit: Vase-shaped branching with an oval to rounded or even broad … Cladrastis kentukea | Family: Fabaceae . Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. Cladrastis kentukea is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. Pistil: Ovary superior, linear, bright red, hairy, bearing a long incurved style. Cladrastis kentukea is a deciduous tree with a broad, rounded crown; it usually grows 10 - 15 metres tall, exceptionally reaching 20 metres. Cladrastis kentukea (Yellowwood) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree. Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Kentucky yellowwood is recommended as one of the best medium-sized trees for cultivation as an ornamental plant in gardens. Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. Yellowwood Basic Information. Yellowwood - Cladrastis kentukea Pea Family (Fabaceae) Yellowwood grows throughout Eastern Kentucky, but is most common along the Kentucky River palisades in the Bluegrass region. It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. Wood: Yellow to pale brown; heavy, hard, close-grained and strong. The fruit is a pod 5–8 cm long, containing 2-6 seeds. The native range is stretched from Kentucky through North Carolina, but is also found along the bordering states. The name of the forest is derived from the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea), a tree seldom found this far north in the United States; it flowers here only every three to five years. The flowers are fragrant, white, produced in Wisteria-like racemes 15–30 cm long. Also covers those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Sun. Showy fragrant white flowers will form in the spring forming … Family (Botanic): Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) Planting Site: Residential and parks, City parkway, Wide median; Tree or Plant Type: Tree; Foliage: Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves) Native Locale: North America; Landscape Uses: Parkway/street, Patio/sidewalk, Shade tree, Specimen; Size Range: Large … ft., 39.12 lbs. Plants from Alabama have the leaves more densely hairy underneath than those from further north, and are distinguished as Cladrastis kentukea f. tomentosa (Steyermark) Spongberg. [2] It thrives in full sunlight and in well-drained soil, tolerates high pH soils as well as acid situations. Andrews, S. Trees of the Year: Cladrastis and Maakia. Also covers those considered historical … Corvallis: Central Park, west of the playground area. New York 21:327. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Tree: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: ** Plant Notes: ** Taxonomic Notes: ** Status: Native, S3 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank) References: ** … Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia.[2]. Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Cladrastis kentukea, Yellowwood, is a small deciduous tree to 15 (20) m tall with a DBH of up to 0.91 m, and its vegetative parts are generally hairless, though individuals from Alabama and elsewhere sometimes have pubescent twigs and leaf undersides, at least when young; the bark of the trunk is smooth, thin, and silvery gray; the leaves are compound, odd-pinnate (with a terminal leaflet), and 10 … It produces clusters of white pea-like flowers in Spring. Leaves: Alternate, pinnately compound, eight to twelve inches long, main stem stout, enlarged at base. Leaf of Cladrastis kentukea. Velma Rudd (1971, 1972) finally corrected this error and made the new combination Cladrastis kentukea based upon the earliest name for the plant, following the Botanical Rules of Nomenclature, first using the epithet kentuckea (Rudd 1971), and later correcting that to kentukea (Rudd 1972). Calyx: Campanulate, five-lobed, enlarged on the upper side. French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. Oregon State Univ. Identification A member of the legume family, Fabaceae, the yellow wood (Cladrastis kentukea) has a botanical name synonym of Cladrastis lutea. Family (English): Pea. The rare Yellowwood tree is also found in this preserve. Patrick Breen, Cladrastis kentukea has a big, fleshy root system and thrives best in a sunny, warm location but its hardiness is good. The major limitation to the wide use of this species was known long ago, as "Cladrastis" means "brittle wood" in Greek. State documented: documented to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within the state. Branchlets at first downy, but soon become smooth, light yellowish green; later red brown, finally dark brown. Its scientific name is derived from the Greek words klados, meaning “branch” and thraustos, meaning “fragile,” which refers to the brittle wood and branches. Scientific Name . References . Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. Sp. Broadleaf deciduous tree, 30-50 ft (9-15 m), usually low branching with broad, rounded crown of delicate branches. Description: This yellowwood tree is found on the hill leading down to Marsh Botanical Gardens. (Jaknouse/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0) Here are the important botanical markers to look for in the most common alternate ranked tree species in North America. All common names: Yellowwood, American yellowwood. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. The Plant List includes a further 4 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Cladrastis.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Height: 8 - 10 (15) m. Crown: flat globular, half-open crown, capricious growing. Other names include American yellowwood and virgilia. Cours.) General description. Yellowwood won a Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Award in 1994.[3]. They come out the bud pale green, downy; when full grown are dark green above, pale beneath. This is a large family with species like wattles (Acacia spp. Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd: Common Name: Yellow Wood; Kentucky Yellow Wood: Habitat: Rich woods over calcareous substrates, especially on slopes. The smooth gray bark … Cladrastis kentukea American yellowwood Although smooth like the bark of a beech tree, the ornamental bark of the yellowwood is dark gray in color. Germany: Amerikanisches Gelbholz; Echtes Gelbholz; Italy: Legno giallo; EPPO code. Cladrastis is from Greek in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea is the Latin form meaning of Kentucky. Native: indigenous. The tree … It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. The species is native to the southeastern U.S. This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. Wedge-shaped at base, entire, acute, terminal leaflets rhomboid-ovate. Deutsch: … As a bloomer and small shade tree, it deserves greater recognition and consideration for its fine qualities. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. In the fall, the leaves turn a mix of yellow, gold, and orange. On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin names spoken, look up … Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). The Kentucky champion tree is in Cave Hill Cemetery in Jefferson County and is almost 80 feet tall. Tree leaf identification shows that this plant is a American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) tree. Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. 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